16th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 16th Army / Army High Command 16 (16th Army) was a major unit of the Army of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. She was supreme command each alternating Army Corps as well as many special forces.

History

The 16th Army on 22 Established in October 1939. The personal strain was provided by the Infantry Replacement Battalion 1 in Königsberg.

She participated in the campaign in the West and the Russian campaign where their Second Army Corps in January 1942 were included in Demyansk and another battle group in Chelm and liberated in the spring of 1942. The front edge of the fortress told Demyansk was held in February 1943 and vacated only after the defeat at Stalingrad because of a leader command.

When the second Baltic Front on 19 February 1944 on both sides of Chelm attack, suffered 16 Army heavy losses until the fall of 1944 and was gradually pushed back to Courland, where they, together with the 18 Army on 8 Surrendered in May 1945.

January 1940  12th October 1943  Field Marshal  Ernst Busch

12th October 1943  1 June 1944  General of Artillery  Christian Hansen

1 June 1944  3 September 1944  General of the Infantry  Paul Laux

3 September 1944  10th March 1945  Colonel General  Carl Hilpert

10th March 1945  16th March 1945  General of the Infantry  Ernst-Anton of Krosigk

16th March 1945  8 May 1945  General of the Mountain Troops  Jobst Friedrich Volckamer of Kirchensittenbach

December 1939 April 1941 Army Group A 

May 1941 May 1941 Army Group A East Prussia

June 1941 January 1945 Army Group North Section Leningrad to Newel

January 1945 May 1945 Army Group Courland Kurland

Literature

•Bonninghausen, C., Freiherr von: struggle and the end of Rhenish-Westphalian Infantry Divisions 1941-45, Coesfeld oJ. (self-published)

•Main, Werner: Demyansk – A bulwark in the East, Bad Nauheim, 1963

•Main, Werner: Army Group North, Bad Nauheim, 1967      

•Main, Werner: Courland in 1944/45 – the forgotten army group, Friedberg 1979

•Ever, Werner: Leningrad, Volkhov, Kurland, 1976

•Kurowski, Franz: Demyansk – The boiler in the ice, Woelfersheim-Berstadt 2001

Army of the Wehrmacht

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