18th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 18th Army (German: 18. Armee) was a unit of the German army during the First and Second World War.

World War I

The 18th Army was formed in 1918 and was under the command of General Oskar von Hutier. It participated in Operation Michael (March 21 – April 5, 1918) in the area of San Quentin, making substantial progress and occupying Noyon and Montdidier. It also conducted Operation Gneisenau (June 9-June 12, 1918), south of Noyon, where after an initial success with the destruction of three French divisions the 18th Army was slowed.

WWII

Formed in November 1939 in Military Region (Wehrkreis) VI, it participated as part of Army Group B, in the Battle of France in May 1940 in the invasion of Holland and Belgium, and later in the occupation of France.

It then moved to East Prussia, to participate in Operation Barbarossa as part of Army Group North. When the invasion began in June 1941, it moved through the Baltic States from late 1941 encagándose the siege of Leningrad.

In October 1944 Soviet offensive left isolated to the 18th Army with the rest of the Army Group North in the Baltic States, forming the so-called bag of Courland.

The January 25, 1945 Hitler renamed Army major groupings of the Eastern Front and renamed Army Group North and Army Group Courland, the 18th Army being framed within it.

Despite several Soviet offensives on the bag, Army Group Courland resisted until the end of the war, and the 18th Army, along with other units, surrendered in early May 1945.

Commanders

        November 5, 1939 – January 16, 1942, Marshal Georg von Küchler

        January 16, 1942 – March 29, 1944, Colonel General Georg Lindemann

        March 29 – September 2, 1944, General Herbert Loch

        September 5, 1944 -8 May 1945, General Ehrenfried Boege

Chiefs

        November 5, 1939 – December 10, 1940, Major General Erich Marcks

        December 10, 1940 – January 19, 1941, Major General Wilhelm Hasse

        January 19, 1941 – November 17, 1942, Major General Dr. Ing hc Kurt Waeger

        November 24, 1942 – December 1, 1943, Major General Hans Speth

        December 1, 1943 – January 25, 1945, Major General Friedrich Foertsch

        January 25, 1945 – March 5, 1945, Col. i.G. Wilhelm Hetzel

        March 25, 1945 – May 8, 1945, Major General Ernst Merk

Order of Battle

March 21, 1918

        III Corps

        IX Corps

        XVII Corps

        IV Reserve Corps

        Gayl Group

May 10, 1940

        XXVI Army Corps

o        256th Infantry Division

o        254 th Infantry Division

o        February. SS Division Das Reich

        X Corps

o        1. SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler

o        227 th Infantry Division

o        207th Infantry Division

o        1st Cavalry Division

        Units directly under the Army

o        SS-Division Verfügungstruppe

o        9th Panzer Division

o        208th Infantry Division

o        225 th Infantry Division

July 1, 1941

        XXXVIII Army Corps

o        58th Infantry Division

o        291 th Infantry Division

        XXVI Army Corps

o        1st Infantry Division

o        61 th Infantry Division

o        217 th Infantry Division

        I Army Corps

o        11th Infantry Division

o        21 th Infantry Division

September 1941

        Army L

        LIV Corps

        XXVI Army Corps

        XXVIII Army Corps

        I Army Corps

Summer 1942

        I Army Corps

        XXVIII Army Corps

        XXXVIII Army Corps

July 15, 1944

        XXVIII Army Corps

        XXXVIII Army Corps

        Army L

April 12, 1945

        Army L

        II Army Corps

        I Army Corps

        X Corps

References

        Free translation from the English Wikipedia article.

        Gray, Randal (1994), “Kaiserchlacht 1918”, Ediciones del Prado, ISBN 84-7838-495-2

        Willmott, HP (2004) “The First World War,” Unpublished Publishers, ISBN 84-933564-9-2

        Bishop, C. (2009) “Order of Battle.German Infantry in World War II “, Libsa, ISBN978-84-662-1945-7

        Order of battle in English

        Main actions in English

        Kurowski, Franz (2000). “Todeskessel Kurland,” Pallas Podzun-Verlag, Wölfersheim-Berstadt. ISBN 3-7909-0716-2.

        Tessin, Georg (1976). “Verbände Truppen und der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945” (Volume IV), Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück. ISBN 3-7648-1083-1.

German military units of World War II

Wehrmacht

Luftwaffe

WWII

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