Army Group A

Army Group A was a major unit of the Army of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. She was supreme command each changing armies as well as many special forces.

Common

The Army Group A was created in October 1939 by renaming the Southern Army Group previously used in the Polish campaign and took over the leadership of the set on the Western Front 12 and 16 Army to Belgium and Luxembourg, and later the north ajar 4 Army. From the 10th May 1940 it was the focus of the first phase of the campaign in the West it (“Case Yellow”) used on the Somme push forward muzzle with the mass of armored and mechanized forces of the Army through the Ardennes through, over the Meuse away and so the Allied forces cut off in northern France and Belgium, and to destroy (“Operation Sickle Cut”). From the 5th June 1940 attacked the army group in the Battle of France (“Case Red”) from positions north of the Aisne out to Reims, broke through the positions of the remaining French forces and thrust deep south and southeast facing, which the French forces on the Maginot line were cut and collected in the back. After completion of the French campaign presented, Army Group from October 1940 to Chief West. In April 1941, the commander of Army Group A, Army Group moved to Poland, where at the beginning of the German attack on the Soviet Union on 22 June was renamed Army Group South.

The Army Group A was new in August 1942 by the division of standing in Southern Russia and Ukraine, Army Group South into Army Groups A and B. She grabbed the first Panzer Army and the 17th Army from the area of the lower Don out to the Caucasus and the oil region of Baku on the Caspian Sea to (“Operation Edelweiss”). This attack came in November 1942 and due to the shortage of himself stiffening Soviet resistance on the northern slope of the Caucasus and from Grozny to a halt. Despite the looming disaster of 6 Army at Stalingrad, Army Group was left to December 1942 in their positions. Not until early 1943 was the first Panzer Army of Army Group South (former Issued Army Group Don). The remaining 17 Army Group A Army pulled back in early 1943 in the Kuban bridgehead. In September 1943, the 17 Army retreated to the Crimea. The Army Group was established in October 1943 by the Army Group South, the (newly formed) 6 Passed army first Nogaische the steppe between the Dnieper and the Sea of Azov defended, however, in November 1943 withdrew behind the lower reaches of the Dnieper. The 17th Army was thus isolated in the Crimea, where it was destroyed in May 1944. In March 1944, the army group was also the 8th Army is in northern Bessarabia, which had been blown off by the Army Group South. On 1 April 1944, Army Group A was renamed Army Group South Ukraine.

 

In September 1944, the Army Group A was renamed Army Group North Ukraine (former Army Group South) reorganized. She defended southern Poland and Slovakia with the 9th Army (of Army Group Centre) and the 4th Panzer Army behind the Vistula, the (newly-formed) 17 Army between the Vistula and the Beskids, and the first Panzer Army in Slovakia. Army Group A was shattered by early January 1945, the Soviet offensive from the Baranov bridgehead on the Vistula out. On 25 January 1945 was the last renaming, this time in Army Group Center.

26th October 1939 to 22 June 1941 Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt

10th July 1942 to 9 September 1942 Field Marshal Wilhelm List

10th September 1942 to 22 November 1942 After the dismissal Lists 1942 Army Group A was directly subordinated to the Army High Command, led by Adolf Hitler until the takeover by von Kleist.

23, November 1942 to 30 March 1944 Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist

1 April 1944 to 24 September 1944 Colonel General Ferdinand Schörner

24th September 1944 to 17 January 1945 Colonel-General Josef Harpe

17th January 1945 to 25 January 1945 Colonel General Ferdinand Schörner

Subordinate units

November 1939 16th Army, 12 Army

May 1940 16th Army, 12 Army, 4th Army, 2nd Army

June 1940 16th Army, 12 Army, 2nd Army Panzer Group Guderian

July 1940 6 Army, 16 Army, 9 Army

August 1940 9 Army, 16 Army 

September 1940 9 Army, 16 Army, commander of the German troops in Holland 

November 1940 9 Army, 16 Army 

May 1941 6 Army, 17 Army

August 1942 1 Panzer Army, Army Group Ruoff, 11 Army

September 1942 1 Panzer Army, Army Group Ruoff, commander of the Crimea 

January 1943 1 Panzer Army, 17 Army, commander of the Crimea 

February 1943 17th Army, commander of the Crimea 

March 1943 17th Army, commander of the Crimea, Kerch commander of the road 

October 1943 6 Army, 17 Army 

January 1944 3 Romanian Army, 17 Army, commander of the German troops in Transnistria

March 1944 6 Army, 3rd Romanian Army, 17 Army 

October 1944 4 Panzer Army, 17 Army, Army Group Heinrici 

November 1944 4 Panzer Army, 17 Army, 1st Panzer Army 

December 1944 9 Army, 4th Panzer Army, 17 Army, 1st Panzer Army 

January 1945 9 Army, 4th Panzer Army, 17 Army, Army Group Heinrici

 

Literature

•Military History Research Office (ed.): The German Reich and the Second World War. Volume 8: The Eastern Front of 1943/44. The war in the east and to the side fronts. With contributions by Karl-Heinz Frieser, Bernd Wegner, including German publishing house, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-421-06235-2.

Army Group of the Wehrmacht

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