Kampfgeschwader 54

The battle was a Union of 54 Squadron Air Force in World War II. Due to his coat of arms, it was also called “Skull Squadron”.


The squadron staff and the group I created on 1 May 1939 in Fritzlar. The II and III Group emerged in the winter of 1939/1940. On 11 July 1940 was the IV (Supplement) group. The squadron was initially equipped with the Heinkel He 111, Junkers Ju later with the 88th. The identification was B Squadron 3


Rank, Name and Time are as follows:

Colonel Walter Lackner 1 May 1939 to 22 June 1940

Lieutenant Colonel Otto Höhne 22, June 1940 to 23 November 1941

Lieutenant Colonel Walter Marienfeld 23, November 1941 to 1 April 1943

Lieutenant Colonel Volprecht Riedesel Freiherr zu Eisenbach 1 April 1943 to 27 February 1945

Major Hans Georg Bätcher 27th February 1945 until the end


The attack on Poland, the squadron, whose line-up was not complete, took the second Season in part. 

The II / KG 54 took a short time under the X. Air Corps to the occupation of Norway in part.

At the start of the Western campaign, the squadron it was completely assembled in the field of air fleet 2 and supported the approach of the army against the Netherlands. It also carried the fateful air raid on Rotterdam, in which 800 people died and large areas of the city were destroyed. After the capitulation of the West, it took part in the Battle of Britain. There it was assigned to the Fifth Air Corps in the Air Force 3rd By May 1941, fought from northern France, airports, industrial targets on the British Isles.  

Before the attack on the Soviet Union, the squadron was assigned to the airfield in Lublin in the former General Government. There it was placed under Luftflotte 4 and fought in the southern sector of the Eastern Front. Only for participation in the air strikes on Moscow it was moved to the middle section and then shortly returned to the South. By January 1942, there remained in this theater of war.

In January 1942, the squadron relocated staff and the I. and III Group to Catania in Sicily, to fight Allied supply convoys in the Mediterranean. To the air attacks on Malta in March / April 1942, it was also involved. As a result, more than 1,000 people died on the island. It also intervened in the ground fighting in North Africa. The II / KG 54 remained the whole 1942 on the Eastern Front.

After the Allied invasion of Italy from the 10th July 1943 it reached in the sequence in the battles around Sicily and the Italian mainland one. The Group II has now been withdrawn from the eastern front to Vienna-Aspern to refresh. From 1944, the group I and II took new airfields in northern Germany. 

From early 1944 until May 1944, the squadron took part in the company Capricorn.  The III Group was beginning to freshen up in Germany and only came back in March for the squadron. For this, the Group II and Group I moved from May to reorganize to Germany. After the Allied landing in Normandy, the squadron attacked there on the landing troops. Then in November 1944, was in combat squadron (J) 54 renamed (the (J) stand for hunting). Within Germany and Czech Republic, so it was partially converted to the Messerschmitt Me 262. By war’s end, it only flew a few missions.


•Wolfgang Dierich: The units of the Luftwaffe 1935-1945, Verlag Heinz Nickel, ISBN 3-925480-15-3

•Ulf Balke: The Air War in Europe 1941-1945, Bechtermunz, ISBN 3-86047-591-6.

Squadron of the Air Force (Army)

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