ww2 timeline November 1939

November 1

1. Germany announced to incorporate the Polish Corridor and other occupied territories into German territory.

2.  The Soviet Union announced its annexation of the occupied eastern Poland and Belarus and Ukraine under the control of the Soviet Union would get these lands. Summary of the day: Polish Corridor is the territory after WWI the victorious nations gave Poland in order to provide it an access to the sea. The area belonged to Germany before and had a large population of German nationality. Because the area was handed over to Poland, German East Prussia region and the native country were detached. Therefore, after World War II broke out, Germany announced the re-incorporation of the areas. The Soviet Union annexed all of the occupied eastern Poland instead of only annexing some areas like Germany. Belarus and Ukraine under the Soviets got these territories, making the boundary of the Soviet Union moved westwards. In 1991, the Soviet Union was disintegrated.

November 2

Summary of the day: The day was relatively peaceful. Recent important events were negotiation on territories by and between the Soviet Union and Finland.

November 3

1. The Soviet Union continued to negotiate with Finland. Finland refused to hand over the territory to the Soviet Union. Summary of the day: the Finnish government for several reasons was unwilling to hand over the territory to the Soviet Union. Firstly, it’s because the disgraceful history of the Soviet Union, which did not respect the independence and sovereignty of the surrounding neighbors. Secondly, because the area requested by the Soviet Union of Finland contained important fortifications and if ceded would affect the national security. Thirdly, the region was very important for Finland, a large population and industrial facilities were in this region.

November 4

1. The U.S. passed the Neutrality Acts, stating that the nations at war needed to use cash to buy weapons and equipment from the United States.

2. A German physicist who worked in Siemens sent an anonymous letter to the British Embassy in Norway. The letter included contents such as the weaponry situation in Germany at that time, weapon development planning in the future and so on. Summary of the day: like the First World War, the United States declared its neutrality at the beginning of the war. American isolationist hoped to detach from European affairs. Passing of the Acts reduced the number of supplies and equipment got by Britain and France from the United States, because it was required to purchase weapons and equipment in cash by the Acts. But Germany suffered no substantial impact from the Acts, because they did not grasp the Atlantic sea control and Germany had been unable to obtain any materials and equipment from the United States. After years of development, German secret weapons when World War II broke out were not weaker than those of the Allies. In the late period of World War II, Germany even designed and manufactured some new equipment that would have great impact on the future the war.

November 5

Summary of the day: no major incidents. Both Germany and the Allies were in active ware preparation activities.

November 6

1. The Nazi SS arrested many university professors and scholars in Kraków in the occupied area of Poland. Summary of the day: The main purpose of Nazi was to reduce potential resistance movement in the occupied territories in order to make the occupation permanent. The ultimate goal of this approach was to destroy the upper class of the society of the country, so they could not play their own role.

November 7

Summary of the day: Another quiet day. But a new war was approaching again.

November 8

1. In the commemoration of Beer Hall Putsch, an assassination attempt against Hitler failed. Summary of the day: The assassination was planned by German Johann Georg Elser. He planned to carry out the assassination with a timing bomb when Hitler delivered a speech. Because Hitler later changed the schedule and finished the speech earlier, he left before the bomb exploded. Thus the assassination failed. Elser was subsequently arrested and eventually executed before 1945 after the defeat of Germany.

November 9

1. The German intelligence agency in Venlo Incident kidnapped two MI6 agents. Summary of the day: The incident occurred in Venlo in the Netherlands, close to the border from there. German agents who pretended to be involved in resistance movement kidnapped the British agents in the talking. Because this incident occurred in the Netherlands, it gave Nazi an excuse for the following year to invade the Netherlands.

November 10 -12 days

Summary of the day: no major incident in consecutive three days, but the negotiations between the Soviet Union and Finland were already closing to the end.

November 13

1. The negotiation between Finland and the Soviet Union on territorial issues broke. Summary of the day: In the account of November 3, it was described in details why Finland and the Soviet Union could not reach an agreement. Since both sides stuck to their own positions, it was inevitable that the talks broke eventually. In addition, Finland noted that the Soviet Union claimed territories intensively in a short time not long ago against neighboring countries. It suspected that it was caused by some agreement already reached by the Soviet Union and Germany.

November 14

1. The Polish government in exile moved to London. Of course Roundup: After Poland was defeated in the battle in September, there was no formal surrender. Its government officials fled to the western allies and set up a government in exile to continue the war. In addition, many Polish soldiers also moved from the territory of a neutral country to the territory of the Allies. So the Polish government reformed its own army in Western Europe soon later.

November 15

1. In Washington, DC, Jefferson Memorial began construction. Summary of the day: it had been one and a half century from Jefferson’s era, but humans were still unable to find a way of peaceful coexistence.

November 16

1. The Luftwaffe bombed the Scottish Orkney, causing civilian casualties. This was also the first civilian casualties caused by air strikes against the territory of Britain. Summary of the day: German combat in this period continued to focus on the European continent, so the threat to the UK was relatively small. In the Air Battle of Britain in 1940, the German bombing against Britain would bring significant civilian casualties.

November 17

1. IRA was accused of igniting bombs in London. Summary of the day: After the First World War, relations between Britain and Ireland grew increasingly tense, eventually led to the outbreak of military conflicts and the independence of south of Ireland from Britain. But Northern Ireland, most people of which were the Protestant, wanted to stay within the UK. The two sides disputed for a long term about the ownership of Northern Ireland and violence even occurred.

November 18 -19

Summary of the day: consecutive two days of relatively peaceful. However, due to the breakdown of the negotiations, the Soviet Union was preparing to wage war against Finland.

November 20

1. The Luftwaffe and the German Navy began to arrange mines at the estuary of the Thames River of Britain. Summary of the day: Germany’s move was to destroy Britain’s maritime transport capacity and to cause damage to the British economy and therefore forcing Britain out of the war.

November 21

1. A Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Belfast hit German torpedo near Firth of Forth, causing it serious damage. Summary of the day: the German army arranged torpedoes in the vicinity of major UK ports and river, causing some damage to the Royal Navy.

November 22

Summary of the day: another peaceful day, but the fighting in the Atlantic battlefield between the two sides did not stop.

November 23

1. Polish Jews were required to wear a Star of David as identification.

2. The Allies successfully collected a mine laid by the Germans and did research on this mine.

3. German Navy battleship Scharnhorst sank the Royal Navy armed merchant ship HMS Rawalpindi. Summary of the day: Star of David is the most common sign of the Jews. Today’s Israeli flag have this sign. During World War II, the Nazis required all Jews within its control to wear it as identification in order to distinguish Jews from other ethnic groups. German torpedo caused vessels of the Allied some damage. After successfully obtaining a torpedo, Britain studied it to find ways to deal with this mine. German Navy dispatched its large surface ships to destroy maritime transport of the Allies. Scharnhorst is a SME battleship with a displacement of 30,000 tons or more. It had clear advantage in fighting with medium and small vessels of the Allied.

November 24

1. Japan announced occupation of Nanning of China. Summary of the day: while there was relatively peaceful in Europe, there were conflicts continuously in China’s battlefield. Nanning was a major city in Guangxi Province of China. Japanese troops and Chinese troops conducted a number of operations in the region. During the war, the city changed hands several times.

November 25

Summary of the day: a peaceful day. But the peace would soon be broken and a war was imminent.

November 26

1. The Soviet Union’s army created Shelling of Mainila on the Finnish border. Summary of the day: since the Soviet Union and Finland had signed a non-aggression treaty. In order to obtain the reasons for war, the Soviet Union’s army shelled its own border village Mainila and claimed that the shelling came from Finland. Thus the Soviet Union could launch a large-scale war against Finland and acquired the territory it wished to get.

November 27 -28

Summary of the day: the Soviet Union had not begun military action but already assembled in the border area.

November 29

1. The Soviet Union announced to cut off diplomatic relations with Finland. Summary of the day: following the border incident created on November 26, the Soviet Union announced to cut off diplomatic relations with Finland and large-scale military operation was to be launched.

November 30

1. The Soviet Union began to attack Finland and the Winter War began. Summary of the day: After diplomatic pressure and military intimidation failed, the Soviet Union could only take direct military actions to occupye Finnish territory. Finland had a population of about 3.5 million at that time while the Soviet Union had 170 million. The number of troops of the Soviet Union was more than the population of Finland. This seemingly one-sided war began.

November Roundup: November was a month of relatively peaceful since the war started. Because the parties were preparing for the war, there was no large-scale conflict. In this month, Western Europe, Eastern Europe and the Atlantic region were relatively peaceful. Only southern China had some fighting. After in the last month the Soviet Union’s army got the right of stationing troops in the Baltic countries, in this month it hoped to get part of the Finnish territory. But Finland refused the requests. Then the Soviet Union in late November created the border incident and ultimately started the war at the end of the month. Next month there would be a large-scale war in Eastern Europe. Although the scale of the fighting forces was not as big as that of the Polish campaign, the number of casualties was more than the Battle of Poland.

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