ww2 timeline

1939

September

September 1 Germany invaded Poland.

September 3 Britain and France declared war on Germany.

September 7 France launched Saar Offensive, the French army entered into Germany.

September 16 Germans completely surrounded the Polish capital Warsaw.

September 17 The Soviet Union invaded Poland.

September 28 Germany and the Soviet Union signed a German-Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.

October

October 2 The United States set up Pan-American Security Zone in the western Atlantic.  

October 6 Hitler delivered a speech, and expressed the hope to restore peace with Britain and France.  

October 9 Germany started preparations for war against France and the Low Countries.

October 10 The last Polish army surrendered to the German.

October 10 UK rejected the peace proposal of Germany.

October 12 France rejected the peace proposal of Germany.

October 14 British battleship HMS Royal Oak was sunk by German submarine U-47.

October 16 Britain suffered from the air strike.

October 19 The first Jewish ghetto was established in Lublin.

November

November 4 The U.S. passed the Neutrality Act.

November 14 Polish government in exile moved to London.

November 24 Japan announced the capture of Nanning City, Guangxi Province, China.

November 29 The Soviet Union announced broking off diplomatic relations with Finland.

November 30 The Soviet Union attacked Finland and winter war broke out.

December

December 5 The Soviet Union’s troops began to violently attack Finland’s Mannerheim defense.

December 14 The Soviet Union invaded Finland and was therefore excluded from the League of Nations.

December 17 German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee scuttled itself in Uruguay.

December 18 Germany won the Battle of the Heligoland Bight.

December 28 British introduced meat rationing.

1940

January

January 2 The Soviet Union’s invasion of Finland was impeded and the Finnish army destroyed a large number of tanks and captured many personnel and equipment.

January 8 Finland army won in the Battle of Suomussalmi, in which tens of thousands of Soviet Union’s troops were destroyed.

January 16 The data seized by the Allies from the plane from Germany crashed on 10 this month showed that Germany intended to launch spring offensives against Scandinavian region and Western Europe.

January 27 Germany finally determined the plan of invading Denmark and Norway.

February

February 1 Japanese statistics showed that more than half of its expenditure was spent for military projects.

February 5 Britain and France prepared to control the Norwegian iron ore, to cut off the supply of iron ore in Germany and obtained assistance channel for Finland.

February 10 The Soviet Union and Germany reached a new economic agreement to provide grain and raw materials to Germany.

February 15 Hitler ordered the implementation of Unrestricted submarine warfare.

February 15 The Soviet Union troops captured the important stronghold Summa of Mannerheim defense.

March

March 3 The Soviet Union began to attack Viipuri, Finland’s second largest city.  

March 5 Finland expressed its willingness to agree to the conditions of the Soviet Union and to negotiate to end the war.

March 12 Finland and the Soviet Union signed a peace agreement in Moscow to cede territory in exchange for peace consideration.

March 18 Hitler and Mussolini met at the border and the latter agreed that Italy would join the war at the right time.

March 21 Paul Reynaud replaced Daladier and became Prime Minister of France.

March 28 Britain and France reached an agreement, which guaranteed either side alone would not have peace talks with Germany.

March 30 Japan established a puppet government in Nanjing.

March 30 Britain carried out a secret investigation on the Soviet Union, preparing to implement Operation Pike in order to destroy the Soviet Union’s oil supply.

April

The Soviet Union implemented in April and May the Katyn massacre, killing 22,000 Polish elite.

April 9 Germany began to attack the Nordic countries. Denmark surrendered the same day. Germany Landed in Norway and occupied its capital, Oslo.

April 12 British troops occupied Faroe Islands of Denmark.

April 14 British and French troops landed in Norway.

April 14 Enigma code used by Germany was first cracked by the British intelligence agency.

May

May 1 British and French troops begin evacuation from Norway.

May 5 Norwegian government in exile was established in London.

May 10 Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France.

May 10 Churchill replaced Chamberlain as British prime minister.

May 10 British invaded Iceland.

11 May Germany occupied Luxembourg.

May 13 Dutch government in exile was established in London.

May 13 Churchill published his famous blood, toil, tears, and sweat speech.

May 14 Rotterdam suffered massive bombing and the Dutch government decided to surrender.

May 17 The Germans captured the Belgian capital Brussels and occupied the major city Antwer.

May 18 French military chief commander Maurice Gamelin was dismissed. Maxime Weygand became the new commander.

May 25 A large number of British and French troops evacuated to the French city of Dunkirk.

May 26 British and French troops began to retreat from Dunkirk to Britain. A total of 340,000 people completed the withdrawal.

May 28, Belgium surrendered to Germany.

May 31 Japan’s massive bombing of the Chinese wartime capital of Chongqing.

June

June 7 Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Glorious was sunk by German battleship Gneisenau and Scharnhorst.

June 10 Italy declared war on France and Britain.

June 10 Norway surrendered to Germany.

June 11 The French government moved to Tours.

June 13 Germany occupied French capital Paris.

June 13 The French government moved to Bordeaux.

June 14 The Soviet Union launched comprehensive blockade on Baltic states, attempting to establish a communist puppet regime there.

June 16 Philippe Pétain became France’s new prime minister.

June 18 Charles de Gaulle founded the Free French movement.

June 18 The Soviet Union occupied Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

June 21 France and Germany had a truce talk.

June 22 France and Germany signed an armistice agreement.

June 24 France and Italy signed an armistice agreement.

June 26 The Soviet Union issued an ultimatum to Romania requesting to occupy Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina.

June 28 Italo Balbo, Italy Governor in Libya, died in a friendly fire incident.

June 28 The Soviet Union occupied the territory of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Romania.

July

July 1 French government relocated in Vichy.

July 2 Hitler ordered the development of plans to attack the UK.

July 3 British launched an offensive against Mers-el-Kébir, in order to avoid French Navy falling into German control.

July 4 Germany disclosed Operation Pike from documents seized from France, which was a joint Anglo-French plan to bomb the Soviet Union.

July 10 The Battle of Britain began and Germany started large-scale air raids on Britain.

July 18 French Air Force bombed the British territory of Gibraltar to revenge attacks by Britain against Mers-el-Kébir on July 3.

July 21 Czechoslovak government in exile moved to London.

July 22 Fumimaro Konoe was appointed Prime Minister of Japan.

August

August 2 De Gaulle was sentenced to death by a French military court.  

August 4 Italian troops captured British Somaliland.

August 17 Hitler ordered the blockade of Britain.

August 20 Italy announced blockade of all British ports in the Mediterranean.

August 20 Communist forces launched the Hundred Regiments against the Japanese army.  

August 26 Berlin suffered for the first time the Royal Air Force bombing.

August 30 Germany and Italy requested Romania to cede Northern Transylvania to Hungary.  

September

September 1 German Jews were required to wear yellow stars as identification.

September 2 Britain leased some military bases in the Western Hemisphere to the United States in exchange for U.S. 50 destroyers.

September 3 Since the Luftwaffe failed to defeat the British Royal Air Force, Hitler ordered delay of attack against Britain.

September 9 Italy began to attack Egypt under the British control.  

September 22 Japan invaded French Indochina to cut off China’s goods transport.

September 23 British and Free French forces invaded Dakar, an important stronghold of Vichy France in West Africa.  

September 24 Vichy France again revengeful air strikes on Gibraltar.

September 24 Royal Air Force launched a massive air raid on Berlin.

October

October 7 German invaded Romania in order to prevent the Soviet Union army and control the oil fields.

October 15 Mussolini decided to invade Greece.

October 20 Italian launched air strike against Cairo.

October 23 Hitler met with the Spanish dictator Franco, hoping Spain would join the Axis camp.

October 28 After Greece rejected the ultimatum of Italy, Italy started to invade Greece.

November

November 5 Roosevelt won his third U.S. presidential term.  

November 7 Ireland rejected the use of its ports as the British naval base.

November 8 Greek army won in the Battle of Elaia-Kalamas and successfully withstood attacks of the Italian army.

November 9 Neville Chamberlain died from disease.

November 11 Royal Navy used aircraft carrier to launch air strikes against warships in the Italian port Taranto, causing heavy losses to the Italian fleet.

November 12 The Allied gained victory in the Battle of Gabon and successfully controlled the French Central Africa.

November 13 Greek army won in the Battle of Pindus and repelled the Italian army back to Albania.

November 15 The Soviet Union was invited to participate in the Axis and division of the British Empire.

November 16 Britain mobilized troops for reinforcements from North Africa to Greece.

November 20 Hungary joined the Axis Group.

November 21 Belgian government in exile declared war on Italy.  

November 23 Romania joined the Axis Group.

December

December 6 British troops launched compass action to counterattack the Italian army invaded Egypt.

December 8 Spain announced that it would not join the war. Germany therefore cancelled plans to attack Gibraltar.

December 18 Germany began to develop the plan of Barbarossa to prepare for the invasion of the Soviet Union.

December 28 Due to the disadvantage status in the war with Greece, Italy requested to the German for military assistance.  

1941

January

January 5 The Allies captured 45,000 Italian soldiers in action Compass.

January 6 Greek army launched an offensive against Klisura Pass, hoping to beat the Italian army.

January 10 The Soviet Union and Germany signed a German-Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement.

January 15 Chinese government forced to lift part of armed personnel of the Communist Party, because the latter devoted to the Soviet government.

January 16 British troops began to launch a counterattack in East Africa.

January 17 Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov summoned the German ambassador, asked why the request of the Soviet Union to join the Axis had not been responded.

January 23 HMS Illustrious was seriously damaged and went to Alexander to be repaired.

January 29 Italian dictator Ioannis Metaxas died.

February

February 1 Husband Kimmel was appointed commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.

February 9 Compass action ended and the British captured a total of about 130,000 soldiers of Italy.

February 11 German Afrika Corps began to arrive at Tripoli to offer reinforcements for the Italian army in North Africa.  

February 14 Rommel arrived in North Africa and Africa Corps began to move to the front. British troops were undermined because it deployed troops to Greece.

February 21 German troops arrived at Greece frontline via Bulgaria.  

February 25 In the East African campaign, the British troops captured Mogadishu, the capital of Italian Somalia.

March

March 4 Yugoslavia agreed to join the Axis Group.

March 9 Italy launched a spring offensive in Albania.  

March 12 German heavy armored forces arrived in North Africa, ready to start the first round of offensive.

March 20 Italian spring offensive in the Balkans was impeded with no progress.

March 24 Rommel led the German army to occupy El Agheila and in three weeks repulsed the British army back to Egypt.

March 27 Coup happened in Yugoslavia. Peter II seized power and overthrew of the pro-German government.

March 27 Hitler ordered to prepare for the invasion of Yugoslavia after country had a coup.

April

April 1 Coup happened in Iraq and the pro-German Rashid Ali overthrew the pro-British government.

April 2 Rommel army occupied Cyrenaic in eastern Libya.  

April 6 Germany, Italy and Hungary troops began the invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece.

April 6 In the East African campaign, the Italian troops withdraw from Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia.

April 7 Luftwaffe began air strikes in Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia.

April 8 The Germans occupied Salonika, a major city in northern Greece.

April 10 U.S. occupied Greenland.

April 10 The Independent State of Croatia was established.  

April 12 Germans defeated the Allied forces in the Battle of Vevi.  

April 13 Japan and the Soviet Union signed a neutrality agreement.

April 17 Yugoslavia surrendered and set up government in exile in London.

April 18 Because of facing the difficult situation of being defeated, the Greek Prime Minister Alexandros Koryzis committed suicide.

April 19 London suffered from the largest raid since the war.

April 21 Because the retreat route was cut off by the Germans, a Greek troop of 220,000 in Albania surrendered to the Germans.

April 23 The Greek government moved to the Mediterranean island of Crete.

April 25 Rommel’s army won in the battle near the Halfaya Pass and approached Egyptian border.

April 27 The Germans occupied Greek capital Athens.

May

May 5 After the Allies expelled the Italian army in the Battle of East Africa, the Ethiopian emperor returned the capital Addis Ababa.  

May 10 Nazi leader Rudolf Hess went to Scotland alone and then was arrested and imprisoned by Britain.

May 18 In the East African campaign, the Governor Duke of Aosta of the Italian Embassy in East Africa surrendered to the Allies.

May 20 German paratroopers launched airborne operations in Crete and Crete battle began.

May 24 The Royal Navy battle cruiser Hood the world’s largest battleship was sunk in the sea battle by the German battleship Bismarck.

May 27 Royal Navy dispatched aircraft carriers and a large number of battleships for Bismarck siege and sank it on the same day.

May 31 The Allies entered Baghdad and Iraq war ended.

June

June 4 Former German Emperor Wilhelm II died in the Netherlands.

June 8 The Allied launched an offensive against Syria controlled by the Vichy French.

June 14 The United States froze the assets of the Axis in the United States.  

June 22 Due to the failure to reach an agreement on the conditions to join the Axis powers, Germany, Italy, Hungary, Romania launched a massive attack on the Soviet Union.

June 26 Finland joined the attack on the Soviet Union and Continuation war began.

June 28 About 300,000 Soviet Union troops were surrounded near Minsk, the capital of Belarus.  

July

July 1 Germany Occupied Latvia in Riga.

July 10 Germany occupied Minsk.

July 12 The Allied gained victory in Syria, the control of which was transferred from the Vichy French to the Free French.

August

August 5 The Germans surrounded and annihilated near Smolensk 300,000 Soviet troops.  

August 9 Roosevelt and Churchill met and signed the Atlantic Charter.

August 22 Germans approached Leningrad.

August 25 British and Soviet troops invaded Iran to ensure that the Allies to transport materials to the Soviet Union.

September

September 8 The Axis forces began the siege of the Soviet city of Leningrad, which was once the capital of the Russian Empire.

September 28 In the vicinity of Kiev, the Nazi Waffen-SS massacred 30,000 Jews.  

October

October 10 The Germans near Vyasma split and surrounded the 660,000 Soviet troops.

October 18 Soviet transferred garrison in Siberia to Moscow in order to prevent the Germans to capture the city.

October 30 U.S. President Roosevelt approved assistance to the Soviet Union of $ 1 billion.

November

November 12 The Germans tried to surround the Soviet capital of Moscow.

November 13 Royal Navy HMS Ark Royal aircraft carrier was hit by torpedo from German submarine U-81 in the waters near Gibraltar and sank the next day.

November 22 The United Kingdom issued an ultimatum to Finland, requesting to stop military operations against the Soviet Union, otherwise the Allies would declare war on Finland.

November 24 The United States agreed that the Lend-Lease Act applied to the Free French movement, which could be representative of France to accept U.S. aid.

November 25 Royal Navy battleship HMS Barham was sunk by Nazi German navy in the Mediterranean, which was the second large ship lost in the region in the month.

November 27 Italy surrendered in the last stronghold in East Africa.

December

December 4 Since the surrounding temperature dropped to minus 37 degrees Celsius in Moscow, the Germans were forced to suspend military operations.

December 6 British declared war on Finland.

December 7 The Japanese suddenly attacked on Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Hawaii, giving a major blow to the U.S. Pacific Fleet. Meanwhile, the Japanese attacked the Allied in Southeast Asia.

December 8 The United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, New Zealand and so on of the Allies declared war on Japan.

December 9 China and Australia declared war on Japan.

December 10 Royal Navy suffered a major blow. HMS Prince of Wales and the battleship HMS Repulse battle cruiser were sunk by the Japanese military at the same time.

December 11 Germany and Italy of the Axis declared war on the United States. The United States declared war simultaneously to both of the countries.

December 12 Japanese troops landed in the Philippines.

December 15 Two Italian Navy Royal Navy battleships in the harbor of Alexandria, HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Valiant were sunk.

December 18 The Japanese landed on Hong Kong Island.

December 23 The Japanese occupied Wake Island.

December 25 The British in Hong Kong surrendered to the Japanese.

1942

January

January 2 The Japanese occupied Manila.

January 11 The Japanese began to attack the Dutch East Indies.

January 20 Nazi Germany developed the final solution plan for Jewish at Wannsee conference and determined the mass murder of Jews.

February

February 2 Joseph Stilwell was appointed Chief of Staff of the Allied in Chinese Theater to help Chiang Kai-shek to command the Allied forces in the region.

February 15 The Allies troops in Singapore surrendered to the Japanese.  

March

March 5 The Japanese occupied Batavia, the capital of the Dutch East Indian.  

April

April 9 Japanese forces bombed the Royal Navy base located in Trincomalee and sunk HMS Hermes aircraft carrier.

April 18 The U.S. military bombed the Japanese capital Tokyo for the first time, Japan for the purpose of deterrence.

May

May 4 The Battle of the Coral Sea broke out. The United States and the Japanese navies dispatched naval aircraft carriers for sea battles.

May 5 The Allied invaded Madagascar, a territory of Vichy France.  

May 20 The Japanese occupied Burma completely.

May 31 The German gained victory near Kharkov and surrounded a large number of Soviet troops again.

June

June 4 The Battle of Midway broke out. Japan in this sea battle lost four aircraft carriers and the United States lost only one.

June 4 Reinhard Heydrich was assassinated in Czechoslovakia.

June 21 In North African campaign, the German occupied Tobruk and captured more than 30,000 Allied soldiers.

June 28 The German planned occupation of Stalingrad, an important city of southern Soviet Union and control of the Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus.

July

July 1 Rommel after the Battle of Gazala last month won a great victory marched into El Alamein, Egypt. The first Battle of El Alamein broke out.

August

August 7 Guadalcanal Campaign broke out, where the United States and the Japanese armies carried out a series of land and sea battles.

August 10 Rommel began to attack El Alamein.

August 11 Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Eagle was sunk in the Mediterranean by the Axis Navy.

August 13 Because of the accidental death of William Gott, Montgomery was appointed commander of the British Eighth Army.

August 19 The Allied carried out probing attacks on the French coast. Dieppe Raid was eventually defeated by the Germans.

August 23 The Germans launched a massive air attack on Stalingrad.

September

This month, large-scale fighting broke out at Stalingrad and Guadalcanal.  

October

October 12 The Axis forces’ offensive against Stalingrad was blocked.

October 23 The Second Battle of El Alamein broke out.

October 26 In the Battle of Santa Cruz, U.S. aircraft carrier USS Hornet was sunk by the Japanese army.

November

November 3 The second Battle of El Alamein ended. The Axis forces was in full retreat after being defeated.

November 8 The Operation Torch was launched. The Allied landed in North Africa.

November 13 After winning the battle of El Alamein, the Allied occupied Tobruk.

November 13 The Japanese battleship Hiei was sunk by the U.S. Navy in the Pacific War.

November 14 Japan lost one more battleship Kirishima.

November 19 Soviets launched the Operation Uranus and surrounded the German Sixth Army attacking Stalingrad.

November 20 The Allies captured the Libyan eastern city Benghazi.

November 27 French scuttled its naval fleet at naval port of Toulon to prevent these vessels to fall into the control of the Axis or the Allied.

December

December 24 French Admiral François Darlan was assassinated in North Africa.

December 28 French Somalia governor surrendered to the Allies.  

December 31 Royal Navy won the Battle of the Barents Sea, since when the German Navy stopped using surface ships in battles with the Allied.

1943

January

January 10 The Soviet Union troops launched a full- counterattack at Stalingrad.

January 21 The Soviet Union troops occupied the last airport of Stalingrad, therefore the Germans could not use it for supplemental materials transport.

January 23 The occupied Libyan western city Tripoli.

January 31 Friedrich Paulus surrendered to Soviet troops, which killed the Germans in the Soviet city of Stalingrad.

February

February 2 Rommel led the Axis forces to retreat to Tunisia and to re-establish the defense line.

February 9 Guadalcanal campaign ended.

February 11 Dwight D. Eisenhower became commander of Allied forces in Europe.

February 13 Rommel launched the Battle of Kasserine Pass in North Africa and repulsed the U.S. troops fought in the war for the first time.

February 18 German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels in Berlin published Sportpalast speech, announcing that Germany entered into Total war.

March

March 10 U.S. Air Force established 14th Air Force in China to suuport Air Combat Support in the Chinese Theater.

March 14 The Germans reoccupied Kharkov.

March 26 The British broke through Mareth line in Tunisia.

April

April 8 The Soviet troops attacked Crimea.

April 15 Finland rejected the peace proposal of the Soviet Union.

April 18 Japanese admiral Isoroku Yamamoto’s plane was shot down and killed by U.S. troops.

April 19 Polish Jews launch Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

May

May 2 Japanese planes bombed again the northern Australian city Darwin.

May 13 The Axis forces in North Africa surrendered and about 25 million people were captured by the Allies.

May 22 The Allied air raided Sicily and Sardinia of Italy.  

May 24 Due to the heavy losses, the German Navy submarine retreated from the battlefield of the Atlantic.

May 31 The Allied air raided Italian city of Naples.

June

June 11 The Allied occupied Italian island Pantelleria and captured 10,000 people of the Italian army.

June 21 The Allies launched Operation Cartwheel and a counter attack in the Solomon Islands.  

July

July 4 Polish government in exile leader Władysław Sikorski died in a plane crash in Gibraltar.

July 5 Kursk battle broke out.  

July 9 The Allies began landing in Sicily, Italy.

July 12 The Battle of Prokhorovka broke out. The Germans and the Soviet Union conducted a large-scale tank battle.

July 22 The Allied occupied the city of Palermo, Sicily.

July 25 Mussolini was arrested by the King of Italy and later Pietro Badoglio formed a new government.

August

August 6 The Germans took over the Italian defense work.

August 17 The Allies fully occupied Sicily.

September

September 3 Italy and the Allies signed a secret armistice.

September 3 The Allied forces began landing in Italy.

September 8 Italy officially announced surrender.  

September 10 The German occupied the Italian capital Rome.

September 12 Mussolini was rescued by commandos sent by the Germans and assumed as the head of the new regime in northern Italy, which was supported by Germany.

September 16 The Allies landed in some Greek islands, which were under the control of the army of Italy before.

September 25 Soviet troops occupied Smolensk.

September 27 Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong’s brother Mao Zemin was shot in Xinjiang.  

October

October 3 Britain appointed Lord Louis Mountbatten as the commander in Southeast Asia Theater.

October 10 Chiang Kai-shek sworn as the President of the Republic of China.

October 13 The new Italian government declared war on Germany.

November

November 6 Soviet troops occupied Kiev.

November 16 The Battle of Leros ended. The UK and Italian troops surrendered to the Germans.

November 20 The Battle of Tarawa began. The U.S. military launched amphibious landing operations in the Gilbert Islands.

November 22 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President of China Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo.

November 28 U.S. President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet leader Stalin met in Tehran.

December

December 16 Soviets captured Kalinin.

December 24 Eisenhower was appointed Supreme Commander of the European Allied.

December 26 The German battleship Scharnhorst was surrounded and sunk by the Royal Navy.

1944

January

January 12 Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy, Mussolini’s son-in-law Count Ciano was executed.

January 19 Soviet troops gradually closed to the Baltic States.

February

February 3 Soviet troops defeated the Germans in Korsun pocket battle.

February 15 The second Battle of Monte Cassino broke out. The Allies launched an offensive in the central Italy.

March

March 7 Japan began to invade operations in India.

March 18 Soviet troops closed to the Romanian border.

March 28 Japanese troops in Burma began retreating.

April

April 3 The Allied bombed in Budapest, Hungary.

April 5 The Allied bombed Ploesti oil fields in Romania.

April 14 Soviet troops occupied large parts of the Crimea.

April 17 Japanese troops launched a major offensive in central China.

April 21 The Allied air raided on Paris causing heavy civilian casualties.

May

May 12th Chinese troops invaded northern Burma.

May 18 The Battle of the German Monte Cassino ended. The Allies repulsed the Germans in the region.

May 31 Japan retreated from India, ending the war in India.

June

June 2 French provisional government was established.

June 4 The Allied occupied Rome. The Germans retreated to a new line of defense.

June 6 The Allied landed in Normandy, France.

June 7 The British troops occupied the French city of Bayeux.

June 9 Soviet troops attacked Finland.

June 13 Germany used the V1 Flying Bomb to attack Britain.

June 19 The Battle of the Philippine Sea broke out with the number of aircraft carriers involved ranked the first in the history.  

June 21 The Allies launched counterattack against Myanmar.

June 25 The Battle of Tali-Ihantala broke out. The Soviet Union launched a massive offensive against Finland.

June 26 U.S. troops captured Cherbourg.

July

July 3 Soviet troops occupied Minsk.

July 9 The Allies captured the French city of Caen.

July 10 Tokyo suffered air raid for the first time since 1942.

July 13 Soviet troops occupied the city Vilnius, Lithuania.

July 20 Hitler got injured in an assassination against him.

July 21 U.S. troops landed in Guam.

July 28 Soviet troops occupied Brest.

August

August 1 Polish Home Army revolted in Warsaw, hoping to avoid Poland falling into the control of the Soviet Union.

August 3 The Allies captured city of Myitkyina in northern Burma.

August 4 The Allied occupation Italian city Florence and the front gradually moved to northern Italy.

August 10 After several days of fighting, the U.S. military occupied Guam.

August 15 Operation Dragoon began and the Allies landed in southern France.

August 23 Romania surrendered to the Soviet Union and changed to fought against Germany.

August 25 The Allied occupied Paris.

August 28 The Allied occupied southern French city of Toulon and Marseilles.

September

September 2 The Allies entered the territory of Belgium.

September 3 The Allied occupied Brussels, the capital of Belgium.

September 9 Germany used German V-2 rocket to attack on Britain for the first time.

September 10 The Allied occupied Luxembourg.

September 16 Soviet troops occupied the Bulgarian capital Sofia.

September 22 Soviet troops re-occupied Tallinn, Estonia.

October

October 1 Soviet troops invaded Yugoslavia.

October 5 Soviet troops invaded the territory of Hungary.

October 12 Armed Communist controlled Athens.

October 14 Involved in the assassination of Hitler, Rommel was forced to commit suicide.

October 20 The Soviet Union and Yugoslavia Communist troops occupied Belgrade.

October 21 U.S. troops captured the German city of Aachen.

October 25 Soviet occupied the whole territory of Romania.

November

November 2 The Allies fully occupied Belgium.

November 6 Roosevelt won his fourth presidential term.

November 12 German battleship Tirpitz was sunk under the siege of the Royal Navy.

December

December 16 The Battle of the Bulge broke out. The Germans launched a massive counterattack in the west against the Allies.  

December 29 Soviet army launched the Battle of Budapest and attacked the German and Hungarian troops.

1945

January

January 1 Germans in Operation Nordwind launched a counterattack against the Allies.

January 11 Stilwell Road to China’s was opened, which became the transport pipeline of goods to China. 

January 12 Soviet launched attacks in East Prussia, Germany.

January 17 Soviet troops captured Warsaw and established a puppet government.

January 25 The Allied won the Battle of the Bulge and the Germans were defeated.

January 27 Soviet troops occupied Auschwitz concentration camp.

February

February 4 Yalta meeting was held. Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin attended the meeting.

February 28 The U.S. military occupied Manila, the capital of Philippines.

March

March 6 Germans in Hungary launched a counter attack against the Soviet Union.  

March 9 U.S. carried out air strikes in the Japanese capital Tokyo, causing huge civilian casualties.

March 9 Japanese puppet state Empire of Vietnam was established.  

March 20 The U.S. military occupied the German city of Mainz.

March 29 Soviet troops invaded the territory of Austria.

April

April 2 German Ruhr region surrendered.

April 7 Japanese battleship Yamato was sunk by U.S. forces.

April 12 U.S. President Roosevelt died and Truman took over the presidency.

April 19 Soviet Army approached the German capital Berlin.

April 27 Soviet troops completely surrounded Berlin.

April 30 Hitler couple committed suicide and Karl Dönitz German took over the leadership.

May

May 1 German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels couple committed suicide.

May 5 The Germans stationed in the Netherlands surrendered.

May 7 Nazi leader Goering surrendered to the Allies.  

May 8 Germany surrendered to the Soviet Union.

May 23 Heinrich Himmler committed suicide.

June

June 5 The Allies planned military occupation of Germany.

July

July 4 The Allies declared full control of the Philippines.

July 26 Labour Party won the British general election and Churchill stepped down.

July 28 Japanese battleship Haruna was sunk by the Allies.

August

August 2 Potsdam Conference ended. The meeting decided disposal of the post-war Germany.

August 6 The United States dropped an atomic bomb to Japan Hiroshima.

August 8 Soviet forces attacked the Japanese army in Manchuria region.

August 9 U.S. dropped another atomic bomb to Japan Nagasaki.  

August 15 Japan announced the surrender.

September

September 2 Japan signed the surrender agreement on the USS Missouri battleship of the United States.

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